The Airman Certification Standards (ACS) replacing the familiar Practical Test Standards (PTS) for the private pilot and instrument ratings went into effect and the earth continued to rotate about its axis. This should be a fairly seamless transition but I have heard a lot of anxiety and trepidation expressed by pilots in training, their instructors and even designated flight examiners. Most of that anxiety is about changes to the written (knowledge) tests.
There are actually two things going on that are related but really not earth shaking. The first concern I have heard is a fear that the knowledge tests are being completely revised and nobody knows the “new” questions. The tests are being revised for two reasons but the knowledge required hasn’t changed a bit so the ground school to prepare for the written really doesn’t need to change.
When the FAA was developing the ACS they had to look at all the test questions to match them with a learning objective. This forced them to acknowledge there were some really irrelevant and stupid questions, something that the aviation community had been complaining about for years. Those questions were eliminated from the test question data bank.
Prior to 2008 all FAA test questions were available in the public domain and metrics from testing sites clearly indicated that people were memorizing the questions to take the test. Applicants were taking 15 to 20 minutes to complete a test that should have taken around an hour and a half. So over the last two years the FAA has “changed” every question that was in the public domain but they are still questions about the same knowledge. The definition for angle of attack has not changed so there is still only one right answer. The only things that have changed on time, distance and fuel computations are the given conditions. You still use your E6B or calculator to get the answer. Changes in chart reading questions involve using different points of reference than the public questions. Things like finding an ATIS, VOR, or FSS frequency or the elevation of an obstruction.
The practical test or check ride won’t change that much either. The ACS requires the same level of performance for each of the tasks as the PTS did. You still have to do all the tasks that were in the PTS but now you have a better idea of the questions relating to those tasks the examiner can ask you. What has been added to each area of operation is a clear definition of what knowledge you need to know and what risks you need to consider to perform the tasks in that area of operation. This should actually help you and your instructor as you prepare for the practical test. Besides asking you questions about topics you missed on the written exam the examiner is only required to ask you one knowledge question and one risk management question for each area of operation but you do need to be prepared to answer each of the questions listed in the ACS.
Simply put, each area of operation has three sections: things you need to know, things you need to consider and tasks you need to perform.
The ACS should allow applicants to be better prepared and more confident going into the practical test and there should be a higher success rate for check ride completions.